O'SULLIVAN was born after 1599 in Dunboy Castle, Munster, Ireland.
He died in Virginia. He was buried in Virginia. Military:
1641 - the Catholic-Gaelic Rebellion in Ireland
BIOGRAPHY: Research and source notes: Deborah Sweet -
1) From: www.homepages.rootsweb.com/`tmetrvlr/claiborne.html
"OWEN-DONAL O'SULLIVAN joined the *Rebellion of 1641, was attained [sic,
should be attainted] (condemned), and fled the country. His family scattered
among relatives and friends, and some came to America. He married Jo-Ann Elizabeth
Brown, who was granddaughter of John Brown"
2) *from: www.cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch67.htm
[Timeline of Irish History]
"In 1641- Only 59% of land in Ireland was held by Catholics.
Catholic-Gaelic Rebellion - in an attempt to regain confiscated lands
English Civil War begins
In 1649 - Cromwell and his army go to Ireland; capture cities of Drogheda, Wexford,
In 1650 - Catholic landowners were exiled to Connaught ("to Hell or Connaught")
Cromwell's army leaves Ireland
3) From: www.larkspirit.com/general/orangehist.html
"Orangeism, the ideology which promotes and protects Protestant domination
over Catholics in Ireland, reaches back many centuries, and for most of the history
of Modern Ireland, has been the basis of official state policy. What is rarely
acknowledged among its adherents is that Orangeism is not at its heart a Protestant
response to Catholicism, but a deliberate sectarian tactic engineered and promoted
by the British throughout the centuries to keep the people of Ireland divided
and easier to rule......Consider instead that sectarianism is not the source
of the problems but merely a symptom of the most crucial issue facing Ireland.....Nationalists
have been oppressed,,,,,but unionists .....likewise have been oppressed, the
British manipulating them into perpetuating societal divisions which keep them
and their neighbors apart.....In order to maintain a monolithic front, religious
sectarianism - protection of the union by Protestants against the 'disloyal'
Catholics - became the glue that kept all the different interests together throughout
the centuries[among the varied socio-economic strata of Protestant society attracted
to Orangeism]. Fiery sermons, triumphant marches, and murals reaching back 300
years to a Protestant savior king who saved a city beseiged by a Catholic king,
all point to a culture that without sectarianism would have very few symbols
that it could share with all its members.....
Seeds of Discontent: The history of 'Orangeism' in Ireland reaches back to the
time of the first Protestant settlements in Ireland. Ironically, Protestants
first came to Ireland as part of a Catholic queen's wish to subdue the Irish
people and bring the island under her rule. Mary Tudor ["Bloody Mary"]
of England (queen 1553-58) devised a plan in which English colonists would form
settlements, or 'plantations' in Ireland, clearing land of the native people.
Under her 'Leinster Experiment' colonists would promise to bring sufficient English
workers with them to Ireland so that they would not need to hire any native Irish
laborers....Unfortunately for the English, the Irish were not so easily subdued
and fought....the queen was unable to persuade sufficient numbers of colonists
to travel to what was perceived as a dangerous and barbaric wilderness. In 1583
a second plantation was attempted in Munster, and hundreds of thousands of acres
were forcibly confiscated for use by men such as Sir Walter Raleigh. Again this
plantation was mostly unsuccessful, for there were still not sufficient inducements...
In 1603 King James I launched a new campaign.....Englishmen confiscated land
in the northeast counties of Ulster, and soon settlers were enticed to Ireland
from James' native land of Scotland. Due to the proximity of Ulster to Scotland
and the similarities of language and culture, this plantation became more firmly
established. This particular plantation differed from the previous ones int hat
the majority of colonists were not Anglican but Presbyterian, the 'Dissenters'
who refused to join the Church of England.
IN 1641, TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR, THE IRISH ATTEMPTED A CONCERTED
EFFORT TO FIGHT BACK AGAINST THEIR ENGLISH COLONISTS. The Catholic Clergy helped
to organize a rebellion which occurred in several areas on 23 October, and for
some time afterwards the native Irish attacked settlers, burning towns and killing
individuals. Although the English tried to subdue the Irish, they were unable
to commit their full energies to the cause because of discontent at home. The
defensive actions on the part of the Irish tended to inflame anti-Catholic sentiment
among Protestants in Ireland and back in England, and many tended to believe
wildly exaggerated reports of atrocities against settlers (Hachey et al., 22).
In 1649 King Charles I was overthrown, and Oliver Cromwell and his Parliament
took power. Cromwell did not wait for the Irish problem to resolve itself; instead
with a heavy hand he crushed the rebellions and secured a 'Protestant Ascendancy'
for Ireland. Several thousand people were massacred outright, and thousands more
were left to the fate of starvation and disease. Contemporaries estimate that
out of a population of 1,448,000 people, 616,000 died from Cromwell's intervention;
about 40,000 left to join armies in Europe; AND 100,000 IRISH WERE SOLD INTO
SLAVERY AND SENT TO THE AMERICAS (Ellis, 43-44). Under the Act of Settlement
of 1652, the Catholic population was forced to the less fertile land west of
the River Shannon or face execution."
1665. Jo-Ann Elizabeth BROWN was born in
Ireland. Children were:
O'SULLIVAN was born in Ireland. He died in Virginia?.|
was born in Ireland.|
O'SULLIVAN was born in Ireland.|